INDEX RESEARCH

Index Research will focus on a country or an issue which is of particular interest to me. Articles have appeared on http://www.afterdowningstreet.org http://www.albasrah.net http://www.aljazeerah.info http://www.bellaciao.org http://www.brussellstribunal.org http://www.globalresearch.ca http://www.informationclearinghouse.info http://www.mediachannel.org http://www.uruknet.info http://www.williambowles.info and others.

Tuesday, June 05, 2007

Index on Afghanistan: May 2007: Part II - NATO; Human Rights

by Sarah Meyer
Index Research



PREFACE

1. NATO: FOR THE LOVE OF EMPIRE


‘ “Supporting the global war on terror remains U.S. European Command's top priority.

The goal, is to deny enemies of the United States the freedom to operate and tap into their resources.

The leadership and capabilities our nation contributes to the NATO alliance remain fundamental to preserving the transatlantic partnership."


'NATO members and 17 other troop-contributing nations are redefining the alliance's role through operations in Afghanistan, the Balkans, the Mediterranean, Iraq, the Baltics and Africa, he said.’

Maj. General Bantz Craddock 1 (18.05.07), ex Guantanamo chief.

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There is no ‘global’ war on terror. It is a US war of terror.

The US controls NATO. NATO is funded by Congress. NATO is sustaining a fervent membership recruitment. NATO, ie the US, will have control over all the membership countries.

Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya wrote the following for an article in Global Research, The Globalization of Military Power: NATO Expansion:

“ NATO is determined to expand its membership circle and to expand its mandate. Ultimately NATO is slated to become a global military force. Moreover, part of the objectives of NATO as a global military alliance is to ensure the “energy security” of its member states.”

The US ‘War on Terror’ is a war of imperial corporate control on our world – through its own forces, through highly paid ‘security’ companies, and through NATO. Possibly, in the future, also through UN forces.

Not content with providing a permanent corporate war of terror on earth, the US is now actively promoting its dollar war in space through the Missile Shield programme. It is not surprising that Putin does not ‘buy into’ this neo-con capitalist adventure.

What leverage does the United States use to collect so many war pimps? Public Integrity produced a report, Collateral Damage, Using the War on Terror to Get U.S. Aid. This very detailed, excellent report, demonstrates how the level of foreign aid (paid for by U.S. taxpayers) from the United States skyrocketed after the Sept. 11 attack. We now need a reputable body to also explore the leverage used by the U.S. government for NATO-joining, Missile Shield supportive countries. V.P. Cheney, Conoco Condi and Poodle B. are not globe trotting without profit in mind.

The definition of security (OED) is “the condition of being protected from or not exposed to danger.”

The U.S, governmental policies are exposing the entire world to danger. It is the corporate cronies and their mouthpiece, the United States government, from whom we need protection.

“Damien Hirst says ‘For The Love Of God is 'a celebration against death.'’ We urgently need a celebration against U.S. ‘collateral damage.’

STOP PRESS. 07.06.07. CAN NATO BE CHARGED WITH WAR CRIMES? Video Terror rendition prisons 'did exist' Channel 4 news report. Secret prisons run by the CIA did exist in Europe to facilitate the worldwide kidnap and torture of terror suspects according to an official investigation. NATO INVOLVED. Rendered from countries including Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Somalia and Sudan, they include children as young as seven; six human rights groups today filed a lawsuit seeking information on their whereabouts.

From Centre for Constitutional Rights

"On June 7, 2007, CCR, with other five other leading human rights organizations, released a groundbreaking report on CIA secret detention programs and filed a lawsuit in U.S. federal court demanding the disclosure of information concerning “disappeared” detainees, including “ghost” detainees and unregistered prisoners."
Summary of Report
Full Report

Footnote :

[1] For references of Gen. Bantz Craddock (commander of U.S. Southern Command) at Guantanamo, see:
Senate Armed Services Committee hearing on allegations of prison abuse at Guantanano;

Bush Nominates General Who Oversaw Guantanamo Prison To Be Top NATO Commander;

Abu Ghraib Tactics Were First Used at Guantanamo (14.07.06, J. White, Washington Post) 'A central figure in the investigation, Maj. Gen. Geoffrey Miller, who commanded the detention facility at Guantanamo Bay and later helped set up U.S. operations at Abu Ghraib, was accused of failing to properly supervise Qahtani's interrogation plan and was recommended for reprimand by investigators. Miller would have been the highest-ranking officer to face discipline for detainee abuses so far, but Gen. Bantz Craddock, head of the U.S. Southern Command, declined to follow the recommendation.'The military achieved "solid intelligence gains," by interrogating Qahtani, Craddock said yesterday, and other military officials have said he revealed details on how the terrorist network operates.'

Guantanamo general to head Nato

IMPORTANT UPDATE

The General's Report (25.06.07. Seymour M. Hersh, The New Yorker, Truthout) 6 May meeting with Rumsfeld at Pentagon about Abu Ghraib torture. "The meeting was attended by Paul Wolfowitz, Rumsfeld's deputy; Stephen Cambone, the Under-Secretary of Defense for Intelligence; General Richard Myers, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (J.C.S.); and General Peter Schoomaker, the Army chief of staff, along with (Gen. Bantz J.) Craddock and other officials. Taguba, describing the moment nearly three years later, said, sadly, "I thought they wanted to know. I assumed they wanted to know. I was ignorant of the setting."




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The information on Afghanistan for May was enormous. I thus broke this information into three parts. The first two parts were:

Dead in Afghanistan: May 2007

Index on Afghanistan: May 2007 Part I

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Index on Afghanistan: May 2007, Part II


1. Preface: For the Love of Empire
2. US-NATO: General; Missile Shield
3. US-Nato: Participating Countries (Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, UK)
4. Human Rights (Torture, Rendition, Guantanamo, War Crimes, Impeachment)
5. Dead and Wounded
6. Future Dead
7. Books


2. US-NATO


GENERAL

Afghanistan: ‘NATO Risks Losing The War,’ Holbrooke
(No date) Moderate Voice. While the US administration and the Congress have opted for continued military-centric strategy in Iraq for the next five months or so, it is the same old story in Afghanistan where NATO forces seem stuck endlessly without any diplomatic or political moves. “NATO risks losing the war in Afghanistan because of a ‘tremendous deterioration’ in the popularity of the government of U.S.-backed President Hamid Karzai,” Richard Holbrooke said Saturday, according to an AP report.

Force 'cannot solve Afghanistan'
08.05.07. BBC / anti-war. Says Jaap de Hoop.

Nato not involved in hunt for Bin Laden: Official
16.05.07. PENINSULA QATAR.

Rift over NATO Afghan tactics spilling into open
17.05.07. P, Graff, Kuwait Times. "The higher echelons of ISAF appear to be in some disarray over the forward direction of strategy in southern Afghanistan," said British defence writer Tim Ripley. The aggressive US approach "doesn't seem to be in tune with the philosophy of the British Army," he said. "On several occasions, senior British commanders have expressed a desire to try to modify the allegiances of potential insurgents, rather than try to kill them."

The Globalization of Military Power: NATO Expansion
18.05.07. * Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya, Global Research. NATO and the broader network of US sponsored military alliances. ‘NATO is determined to expand its membership circle and to expand its mandate. Ultimately NATO is slated to become a global military force. Moreover, part of the objectives of NATO as a global military alliance is to ensure the “energy security” of its member states. What this signifies is the militarization of the world’s arteries, strategic pipeline routes, maritime traffic corridors used by oil tankers, and international waters. … U.S. Senator Richard Lugar has called for NATO to come to the aid of any member of the military alliance, such as the United States, whose energy sources may be threatened. The justification of such an intervention would be under NATO’s Mutual Defence Clause (Article 5).

Bush to Urge NATO to Commit More Troops to Afghanistan
22.05.07. M. Fletcher, Washington Post.

NATO says "Irresponsible" to leave Afghanistan
25.05.07. Pak. Tribune.

NATO: [Taliban] leader detained
26.05.07. USA Today. "The detention of Sayed Gulab will lead to information on Taliban and al-Qaeda leaders, including their operations within Nangarhar and neighboring provinces," said Maj. Chris Belcher, a coalition spokesman.

Just as Mr. Gates announces that the US will have a long term presence in Iraq, so now NATO sees long haul in Afghanistan.

Oil

NATO eyes naval patrols to secure oil facilities
14.05.07. Reuters. (US) NATO is talking to oil and gas producing companies and countries about how it could help combat security threats to energy infrastructure, a senior NATO official said on Monday.

To Join Or Not To Join NATO?




Albania

Rice Urges Albanian Reforms to Meet NATO Criteria
08.05.07. VOA. Basha said Albania's goal is to join the European Union and NATO.

US Rice Urges Albanian Reforms To Speed NATO Membership
10.05.07. AP, serbianna.

Armenia

Armenia mulls troop deployment in Afghanistan
30.05.07. baku today.

China

China willing to boost NATO ties
25.05.07.China daily. China is willing to "maintain contact" and "intensify exchanges" with NATO on the basis of equality and mutual respect, the Foreign Ministry said yesterday.

Croatia

Croatian PM Says Expects NATO Invitation In 2008
05.07. Javno.

U.S, Military Aid Before and After 9/11
22.05.07. Collateral Damage Report,, Public Integrity. Three years prior to 9/11, Croatia received $10,572,000 from the U.S. government. ’02-’04 Croatia received $13,433,000.

NATO conducts exercise in Croatia
22.05.07. Xinhuanet.com

Finland

Finland, Sweden to take part in NATO response force exercise in Poland
09.05.07. English people.

Finnish president: Finland not awaiting NATO membership
09.05.07. English people.

Georgia

Public Integrity Report. Georgia
22.05.07. Collateral Damage Report, Public Integrity. U.S. Military Aid Totals. Three years before 9/11, Georgia received $17,848,000. Three years after 9/11 it received $98,054,455.

Russian Troops leave NATO ally
31.05.07. UPI.

Japan

US seeks stronger NATO-Japanese ties
01.05.07. euxtv. Gates cited Japan's role in funding reconstruction in Iraq - second only to the United States - and Afghanistan during a meeting in Washington that included US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Aso and Defence Minister Fumio Kyuma.

Japanese Defense Minister discusses cooperation with NATO
05.05.07. English People.

Norway

Norway participated in NATO rocket defence
15.05.07. Norway post. Although the Government has said no to a Norwegian rocket defence shield, Norway has spent more than NOK 75 million on the development of a NATO rocket defence system.

Portugal

Portuguese EU presidency aims to strengthen ties with NATO
27.05.07. eu business.

Russia: See ‘missile shield,’ below

Sweden

Majority Of Swedes Oppose To NATO Membership
04.05.07. all headlinenews.

Thousands protest NATO naval exercises in Sweden
13.05.07. javno.

Turkey

Turkey sends military aid to Afghanistan
14.05.07. English people. In April, Turkey took over the regional Kabul Command under the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan from France.

Photo Chip Somodevilla / Getty Guardian (01.06.07)


MISSILE SHIELD / NATO

Steve Bell, Guardian

GENERAL

Do the United States and Europe Need a Missile Defense System?
03.05.07. Daniel Fried, Assistant Secretary for European and Eurasian Affairs, Dept. of State. Testimony Before the House Foreign Affairs Committee Subcommittee on Europe and the Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation and Trade. ‘The short answer to the question of whether we and our Allies need a missile defense system is an emphatic yes. This answer is based on an assessment of the strategic context we face today, which is radically different than that prevailing during the Cold War. What we face is the possibility that some of the world's most threatening and unstable regimes will develop and deploy lethal nuclear arsenals, and the ballistic missiles to deliver them to Europe and the United States. ‘(Yadda Yadda)

Missile Defense Seen as Dangerous
04.05.07. Ivan Eland, Consortium. President Bush’s plan to deploy missile defenses in Central Europe will reduce U.S. security, not enhance it. Installing radar for tracking incoming missiles in the Czech Republic and anti-missile interceptors in Poland could do more harm than good.

Daniel Fried - Missile Defense Plans for Europe
09.05.07. Scoop. ‘I testified with my friend and colleague John Rood yesterday on missile defense, and we are in the United States and in conversations with Europe just still in a beginning stage of working through this issue with our allies, with the Russians and with the Congress. … our central message is getting through and that is this: missile defense should not be seen in the categories of 25 years ago as a replay of the debate over President Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative. /// Iran … And as Secretary Gates said in Moscow and in Warsaw, we must think 20 to 25 years ahead about other threats that could arise. … Funding … Qs and As.

House Panel Considers Cuts for Missile Defense
10.05.07. T. Shanker, NT Times.

Afghanistan, Kosovo, missile defense on agenda as Bush meets with NATO chief
19.05.07. IHT.

Bush, NATO chief discuss Afghanistan, enlargement
22.05.07. English People. U.S. President George W. Bush discussed Afghanistan, NATO's enlargement and efforts to deploy missile defense shield in Eastern Europe with visiting NATO Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer Crawford, Texas on Monday.

U.S. scraps missile-defense test as target misfires
25.05.07. Reuters.
"The target did not reach sufficient altitude to be deemed a threat, and so the ballistic missile defense system did not engage it, as designed," said Air Force Lt. Gen. Henry Obering, head of the Pentagon's Missile Defense Agency. Read more at Wired: “The failed test underscored the need of the U.S. to install 10 interceptors in Poland and a tracking radar station in the Czech Republic as a defense against potential missile attack from Iran, Lehner said. It showed that any missiles that Iran launched could similarly go astray and land in Europe even if Europe was not Iran's target, he added.

US Missile Defense in Europe to Complement NATO Systems
29.05.07. epicos. NATO Parliamentary Assembly statement. “We needed to move quickly.”

NATO, US: Ballistic Missile Defense and a Display of Unity
Stratfor. NATO is considering building a new ballistic missile defense site in southeastern Europe to protect its exposed flank. The announcement is a huge ... Subscription

Czech Republic

Czech Leader Backs U.S. Missile Defense
25.05.07. NBC/anti-war.com. But Russia rejects Czech cooperation
And



Czech demonstrators protest missile shield plans
26.05.07. Reuters


Israel

US to invest $205m in missile defense with ISRAEL
19.05.07. Jerusalem Post.


Japan

U.S. Missile Data Leaked in Japan
22.05.07. Military.com / anti-war.com. Classified information about a U.S.-developed missile defense system was leaked from Japan's navy to students at a naval academy, a news report said Tuesday, as officials investigated security gaps in military information shared between the allies.


Poland

Poland, US begin talks on missile shield
15.05.07. The int. news.

Poles ‘may’ allow Russia to visit missile site
25.05.07. Reuters/anti-war.com


Russia

Russia to respond to threats from US system: military
08.05.07. nation multimedia. "If we see that these installations, which could be set up in Europe, represent a threat, then we will definitely plan actions against them," Yury Baluyevsky told reporters in Moscow, Interfax news agency reported.

U.S. says Russia can't alter missile shield plan
09.05.07. Reuters. Washington has enraged Russia and unsettled some European allies with a plan to deploy 10 missile interceptors in Poland and radar in the Czech Republic which it says would help shield Europe from possible missile attack by nations such as Iran.

Putin likens U.S. foreign policy to that of Third Reich
09.05.07. IHT / ICH. ‘The comments marked the latest in a series of sharply worded Russian criticisms of the foreign policy of the Untied States - on Iraq, missile defense, NATO expansion and, broadly, the accusation that the United States has striven to single-handedly dominate world affairs.’

Russians reject US missile shield
10.05.07. Angus Reid Global monitor. Poll.

U.S., German ministers to meet Putin amid strains
14.05.07. Reuters/anti-war.com

Rice: Russia rift not a new Cold War
15.05.07. USA Today

Bush Tries to Reassure Putin on Missile Shield Plan
22.05.07. Washington Times / anti-war.com.

Missile shield tension brings Putin to US
31.05.07. A. Blomfield, Telegraph.

US 'imperialism' means new arms race – Putin
01.06.07. Yahoo, Stuff.co.nz/ICH. Putin said Russia's tests on Tuesday of two new missiles were a direct response to US moves to create a missile defence system in Europe. … "There is a clear desire by some international players to dictate their will to everyone without adhering to international law," Putin said. "International law has been replaced by political reasons."

"In our opinion it is nothing different from diktat, nothing different from imperialism," he added. See also AP story here.



3. NATO Participating Countries


BULGARIA

Bulgaria to increase Afghanistan contingent to 400 by June
10.05.07. English people. As a NATO member, Bulgaria sent its first batch of soldiers to Afghanistan in Feb. 2002. Each batch has a mandate of one year.

PUBLIC INTEGRITY REPORT
22.05.07. Three years before 9/11, Bulgaria received $58,725,000 from the U.S. Three years after 9/11, (02-’04) it received $44,446,980; total $103,171,980.


CANADA

REPORT

Stephen Aftergood writes on Secrecy News:

CANADA-U.S. RELATIONS

"The United States and Canada maintain the world's largest trading
relationship, one that has been strengthened during the past fifteen years by the approval of two multilateral free trade agreements,"according to another recently updated Congressional Research Service report.

"But it has been over security-related matters, particularly defense
spending, Iraq, and missile defense, that the two governments had their sharpest differences."

"Notwithstanding these controversies, Canada and the United States have been working together on a number of fronts to thwart terrorism, including strengthening border security, sharing intelligence and expanding law enforcement cooperation."

Canada-U.S. Relations
updated May 15, 2007


ARTICLES

New general in charge of Canadians in Afghanistan
01.05.07. Canada com. Major General Jacko Page, left, from Britain, speaks to soldiers and dignitaries after taking over as Commander Region South from outgoing Major General Ton van Loon,

Canada government now says it knew of torture claims by Afghan detainees
01.05.07. The Jurist.

Canada and Afghanistan work out deal on detainees
03.05.07. alertnet/anti-war.com. Canada signed an agreement with Afghanistan on Thursday allowing it unfettered access to any prisoners handed over by Canadian troops, a move that responds to allegations that Afghan authorities were abusing detainees.

Canada and Afghanistan work out deal on detainees
03.05.07. Reuters.

Canada; Afghan torture scandal flares over specific allegations
04.05.07. CTV / ICH. All three opposition parties accused the Conservatives of misleading Canadians and demanded to know when the government became aware of the report.

Poll shows concern about Afghan mission
06.05.07. CTV.

Torture a Kabul Speciality
06.05.07. Eric Margolis, Toronto Sun / Common Dreams. Ottawa’s deal to inspect prisoners shows it hasn’t learned from war history in Afghanistan

Afghan interpreter killed in rocket attack at Canadian occupation forces base.

Canada; Tories block testimony on alleged Afghan coverup
17.05.07. C News. Conservative MPs blocked witnesses Thursday from testifying at a Commons committee on the Afghan detainee controversy.

Canada could lengthen Afghan mission, PM signals
23.05.07. Chris Wattie, Reuters. Harper made the comments during a surprise visit to Afghanistan, where 2,500 Canadian troops are based in the southern city of Kandahar. Canada has lost 54 soldiers and a diplomat since sending troops to Afghanistan in 2002, most of the casualties coming last year in clashes with the Taliban.

Canada skimping on Afghan funeral costs?
30.05.07. NBC. Some families of those killed in action complain of being shortchanged

Ontario combat photographer killed in Afghanistan
31.05.07. Canada.com. Master Cpl. Darrell Jason Priede, 30, of Brantford, Ont., whose images have helped document Canada's Afghanistan mission, became the 56th Canadian service member to be killed here since 2002 and the second in less than a week. A Canadian corporal died in a bombing last Friday.


CZECH REPUBLIC

Five Afghan soldiers killed rescuing Czech diplomat
03.05.07. GULF TIMES.

U.S. Military Aid Before and After 9/11
Public Integrity Report. Three years before 9/11, the Czech Republic received $28,876,000. From 1999 – 2004, the Czech Repulibic received $86,069,534.


DENMARK

Denmark says troops to remain in Afghanistan
20.05.07. Pak Tribune.


GERMANY

Germany Bars Southern Afghanistan Military Deployment
O4.05.07. rferl. German Defense Minister Franz Josef Jung has rejected a request from the Afghan government for 19 German military advisers to move to the country's embattled south with an Afghan battalion they were training.

Six German soldiers to deploy to Southern Afghanistan
06.05.07. de/dw, anti-war.com. Germany currently has about 3000 troops stationed in Afghanistan.

Germany calls for Afghanistan review
15.05.07. Australian news. GERMANY overnight called for a review of the tactics used by Western forces in Afghanistan after a series of civilian casualties in recent weeks.

Germany vows to continue Afghanistan rebuilding
19.05.07. Jerusalem post.

Germany Must Stay the Course in Afghanistan
21.05.07. Spiegel.de.


ITALY

Italy sending new helicopters, armored vehicles and 145 more troops to Afghanistan
15.05.07. AP / IHT.

AFGHANISTAN: BUSH 'CAN ASK ITALY TO UP NATO MISSION' IN DIRECT TALKS
22.05.07. adnki.com

Italian foreign minister raps Bush over Afghanistan plea
22.05.07. Monsters and critics.


NETHERLANDS

"Netherlands should not extend Uruzgan"
09.05.07. expatica. "If we don't make it clear that the allies cannot count on us forever, it is going to end badly. It will become a mission without end." .. "We must not become the victim of our idealism."

Afghanistan could be "endless mission"
10.05.07. Pak tribune / ICH. Former defence minister Joris Voorhoeve warns that the Dutch peacekeeping role in Afghanistan will be an `endless mission` unless the government sets clear limits on the availability of its troops in the region.


POLAND

1,000 Polish troops more to Afghanistan
10.05.07. new kerala.

Poland not planning to deploy tanks in Afghanistan: defence minister
24.05.07. Pak Tribune.


UNITED KINGDOM

British soldier killed in Afghanistan
03.05.07. Reuters / Scotsman.

A bloody legacy: Blair's disastrous war in Iraq has made Britain a more dangerous place
06.05.07. F. Elliot, Independent/ ICH. But just as [al-Qa'ida] was
on the "back foot" after the enforced removal of the Taliban regime in Afghanistan, Professor Wilkinson says the invasion of Iraq gifted it a lifeline. "Nobody could credibly argue that [the invasion of] Iraq caused terrorism, but to pretend that it does not exacerbate it was really foolish."

Overstretched Army officers consider quitting
08.04.07. Thomas Harding, Telegraph/anti-warmcom. Two-thirds of officers and 40 per cent of other ranks questioned said constant operations had fuelled their intention to quit the Army.


War Pimp Alert:
“Iran seeking conflict by proxy in Afghanistan"
09.05.07. iranmania. Defence Secretary Des Browne said there were signs that Iran was helping the Taliban fight coalition forces in Afghanistan, AFP reported.
BUT
Iranian weapons in Afghanistan 'not from government'
09.05.07. forbes. General Peter Pace, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of United States, said last month US-led coalition forces had found Iranian-made mortars and explosives in Afghanistan that were destined for the Taliban. The NATO-led force has said it was looking into weapons with Iranian markings that were intercepted in Afghanistan, but there were no indications they were provided by the Iranian government.


The Kennedy myth rises again'
11.05.07. John Pilger, New Statesman / ICH. "I believe that in this generation those with the courage to enter the moral conflict will [walk down] the road history has marked for us... building a new world society...". That was Robert Kennedy, quoted by Brown, celebrating a notion of empire whose long trail of blood will surely follow him to Downing Street.’

£16bn Army contract delay our fault, admits Whitehall
12.05.07. Russell Hotten, Telegraph. Defence ministers have bowed to criticism from MPs and industry and admitted that the award of a £16bn contract for much-needed new vehicles for the Army has taken far too long. The Government promised yesterday that the programme was being accelerated, but rejected claims that political considerations were getting in the way of the Army's urgent need for the vehicles. In February, a report from the House of Commons defence committee said that the contract for new armoured vehicles, called Future Rapid Effect System (FRES), had been a "sorry story of indecision, constantly changing requirements, and delay." The committee said that six years after the MoD identified a need for the new vehicles, which would have been invaluable in Iraq and Afghanistan, FRES remained little more than "a concept".

Britain fights to curb US Afghan onslaught
13.05.07. C. Lamb, Times on line. BRITAIN will step up its presence in Afghanistan this week with the deployment of a high-profile new ambassador (Sir Sherard Cowper-Coles) as concern mounts that the toll of civilians killed in the war is setting back the coalition’s efforts to win Afghan “hearts and minds”. .. There is growing alarm over a wave of US bombing raids in which 110 civilians have died in the past two weeks. Twenty-one people were killed last week after US special forces called in airstrikes on the town of Sangin in Helmand province. “Sometimes you wonder whose side the Americans are on,” said a British official. … In a sign that there is a great deal of catching up to do, the Foreign Office is sending 33 extra diplomats to Afghanistan. A senior official yesterday described the shake-up as an “upgrading” and denied that it was an admission of failure. … “The Ministry of Defence and Foreign Office have . . . written off Iraq and all attention is now on Afghanistan,” said a senior diplomat, pointing out that within months Afghanistan will be Britain’s biggest overseas deployment. Gordon Brown emphasised the point yesterday when he said: “Afghanistan is the front line of the war on terrorism.”

U.N. should lead Afghanistan peace effort: Britain
24.05.07. Reuters. Britain lobbied U.N. officials on Thursday with a proposal for the world body to lead a comprehensive "campaign plan" for peace in Afghanistan, where NATO-led troops are struggling against Taliban insurgents. This story rapidly follows Bush call for UN help in Iraq


4. Human Rights and War Crimes

“At Nuremberg, the United States pioneered the idea of holding governmental leaders responsible for war crimes.” Chalmers Johnson, Blowback, Time Warner reprint 2002, p. 70.


REPORTS

Older Report Released From Secrecy News :

The Military Commissions Act of 2006: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Previous DOD Rules and the Uniform Code of Military Justice
26.01.07 (UPDATED) CRS REPORT.

Review of DoD-Directed Investigations of Detainee Abuse
DoD Inspector General. Secrecy News writes: “The Department of Defense did a poor job of investigating and addressing reports of detainee abuse committed in Iraq by U.S. military personnel, according to a newly declassified report of the DoD Inspector.”

Treatment of 'Battlefield Detainees' in the War on Terrorism
23.01.07 (UPDATED). CRS REPORT.


MAY 2007 REPORTS

Report: Using the War on Terror to Get U.S. Aid
Countries like Poland and Romania -- two of the European countries accused of hosting secret CIA prisons where terrorism suspects could be held and possibly tortured -- saw the level of their foreign aid from the United States skyrocket after the Sept. 11 attack. .. In the three years before 9/11, Poland received just over $33 million in U.S. military training and assistance. Three years after, the amount was nearly tenfold, more than $300 million in mostly Coalition Support Funds to reimburse expenses incurred by Polish forces in Iraq,

‘War on terror’
05.07. Amnesty International. In its international campaign against abuses in the “war on terror”, AI exposed and denounced hundreds of cases of torture and other grave violations of human rights claimed by states to be a necessary response to security threats. AI also strongly condemned deliberate attacks on civilians and indiscriminate attacks by armed groups.

AMNESTY INTERNTAIONAL REPORT 2007
FREEDOM FROM FEAR BY IRENE KHAN. Human rights - those global values, universal principles and common standards that are meant to unite us - are being bartered away in the name of security today as they were then. Like the Cold War times, the agenda is being driven by fear - instigated, encouraged and sustained by unprincipled leaders.

Amnesty international Regional Report on Afghanistan
Informative reports on Background; Conflict; Resurgence of the Taleban; Weak government; Detention by International Forces; Rights of Women and human rights defenders; Transitional Justice; Freedom of expression; Amnesty International reports / visits.

Amnesty International Regional Report on the United States of America
Facts and comments on detainees; Military Commissions Act; Renditions and secret detention; Guantánamo; Detentions in Afghanistan and Iraq; Unlawful killings by US forces outside the USA; Detention of 'enemy combatants' in the USA; Torture and other ill-treatment; Ill-treatment in jails and police custody; 'Supermax' prisons; Women in prison; Prisoners of conscience; Death penalty; Other concerns; UN Committee against Torture and UN Human Rights Committee; AI country reports/visits.

Red Cross Report Says Israel Disregards Humanitarian Law
15.05.07. STEVEN ERLANGER, NY Times / ICH. The International Committee of the Red Cross, in a confidential report about East Jerusalem and its surrounding areas, accuses Israel of a "general disregard" for "its obligations under international humanitarian law - and the law of occupation in particular."



COLLATERAL DAMAGE
22.05.07. Heller, Stites, Welsh. PUBLIC INTEGRITY REPORT. U.S. HANDS OUT VAST SUMS OF MONEY TO COMBAT TERRORISM WHILE IGNORING HUMAN RIGHTS RECORDS; LOBBYING KEY TO FUNDING FLOWS.

Mental Health Advisory Team Report
25.05.07. Global Security. The results of the Army’s Mental Health Advisory Team (MHAT).

ARTICLES

Women


Geneva Conventions Article 14

Women shall be treated with all the regard due to their sex and shall in all cases benefit by treatment as favourable as that granted to men.

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Forgotten women turn Kabul into widows' capital
17.05.07. Sharmeen Obaid-Chinoy, Independent. There are two million war widows in Afghanistan, and their plight is easy to forget in Hamid Karzai's capital, where Western-style shopping malls, bars and French restaurants are opening up for wealthy foreign aid workers and Afghan expatriates.

Afghanistan lower house removes controversial female MP
21.05.07. The Jurist.

Video

Video
Afghan women cry for help. 3 Min. Video : Self-immolation by women continues to be a problem in the Afghan province of Herat, with on average 10 women a month attempting suicide by setting themselves on fire. Not all of them succeed.


Freedom of speech

Military bloggers curtailed
http://blog.wired.com/defense/files/army_reg_530_1_updated.pdf

Secrecy News writes; "The terms of the Army regulation are so expansive as to create innumerable new opportunities for violations and infractions. . Just this week, for example, the Army's own 1st Information Operations Command ironically posted a briefing on "OPSEC in the Blogosphere," marked For Official Use Only: See here

WATADA, (see here)

Army court issues partial stay in Watada court-martial
18.05.07. Honolulu advertiser.


Torture

Former CIA director denies use of torture in interrogations
30.04.07. The Jurist.

How Rumsfeld Micromanaged Torture
30.04.07. A. Cockburn, Counterpunch / ICH.

General Petraeus Warns Against Using Torture
11.05.07. T. Ricks, Washington Post. ‘The top US commander in Iraq admonished his troops over the results of an Army survey which found that many US military personnel in Iraq are willing to tolerate some torture of suspects and unwilling to report abuse by comrades.’ (And how does the top NATO commander in Afghanistan feel about this, having – it is alleged - worked at Guantanamo?)

Of Actions and Consequences, Torture and Troops
‘We listened as his soul cracked.’ - Former inmate of Abu Ghraib

15.05.07. William Rivers Pitt, Truth out. It was theoretical at the time, that debate, an exercise in nationalist rhetoric and sound-bite showmanship. ‘Recall, for context, our national debate over torture, renditions, and the rights of prisoners captured in the "War on Terror." Recall the secret memos, endorsed by then-White House Counsel Alberto Gonzales, that slapped aside Geneva Convention prohibitions against the torture of prisoners. Recall Abu Ghraib, and the shameful photos documenting the absence of those prohibitions in living, bleeding color. … It isn't theoretical anymore.’

Terror Suspect Claims CIA Tortured Him
15.05.07. KSDK / ICH. A Pakistani terrorism suspect denied any connection to al-Qaida and said he was tortured and his family was hounded by U.S. authorities, according to a transcript released Tuesday by the Pentagon.

An Interrogation Role Model
30.05.07. Collateral Damage, Public Integrity Report. U.S. picked up tactics – including torture – from Israeli intelligence.


RENDITION and SECRET PRISONS

REPORT

Report: Using the War on Terror to Get U.S. Aid
24.05.07. NPR. Many U.S. allies in the war on terror supported the Bush administration's anti-terrorism policies in an effort to get more foreign aid, according to a new series of reports in the Center For Public Integrity's ongoing series
"Collateral Damage."

This new wave of foreign lobbying, combined with an emphasis "on counterterrorism objectives over broader human rights concerns," has cost the United States both financially and politically, according to the center's reports.

Countries like Poland and Romania -- two of the European countries accused of hosting secret CIA prisons where terrorism suspects could be held and possibly tortured -- saw the level of their foreign aid from the United States skyrocket after the Sept. 11 attack. In the three years before 9/11, Poland received just over $33 million in U.S. military training and assistance. Three years after, the amount was nearly tenfold, more than $300 million in mostly Coalition Support Funds to reimburse expenses incurred by Polish forces in Iraq, according to ICIJ's database of military training and assistance. Since 1998, Romania has received more than $100 million in U.S. military aid, primarily from the Foreign Military Financing program, which provides grants to buy U.S. military equipment and services.

According to the reports, many of the countries that received increases in U.S. foreign aid also saw an increase in human rights violations.


ARTICLES

Italy judge rules CIA abduction trial can go forward
04.05.07. The Jurist.

Of Actions and Consequences, Torture and Troops
‘We listened as his soul cracked.’ - Former inmate of Abu Ghraib

15.05.07. William Rivers Pitt, Truthout. It was theoretical at the time, that debate, an exercise in nationalist rhetoric and sound-bite showmanship. ‘Recall, for context, our national debate over torture, renditions, and the rights of prisoners captured in the "War on Terror." Recall the secret memos, endorsed by then-White House Counsel Alberto Gonzales, that slapped aside Geneva Convention prohibitions against the torture of prisoners. Recall Abu Ghraib, and the shameful photos documenting the absence of those prohibitions in living, bleeding color. … It isn't theoretical anymore.’

New Swedish Documents Illuminate CIA Action
21.05.07. C. Whitlock, Washington Post / ICH. Probe Finds 'Rendition' Of Terror Suspects Illegal

UN torture panel presses Poland for details on CIA secret prisons probe
22.05.07. THE JURIST.

Post-9/11 Renditions: An Extraordinary Violation of International Law
22.05.07. M. Bilton, Public Integrity / ICH. Some say lack of due process in kidnappings and detention at secret prisons amounts to war crimes

MPs seek guarantees for safety of rendition captives
24.05.07. Colin Brown, Independent.

A Strained Alliance
24.05.07. N. Heller, Collateral Damage, Public Integrity Report. Poland’s cooperation with the U.S. brings internal and diplomatic disapproval. Three years prior to 9/11, Poland received $33,242,000. From ’02 – ’04, Poland received $267,894,119

ASCLU sues Boeing arm over CIA rendition flights
30.05.07. ft.com.

For papers written on the legality of ‘rendition’ see Rendition

Video

Video. Shedding light on CIA mystery flights BBC 23.05.07. … pieces together the jigsaw of "extraordinary rendition", the alleged illegal CIA transfer of terror suspects to secret prisons in Europe. In far eastern Poland in 2002 and 2003 strange planes landed on an old disused runway in a secluded forest - nine times. The airport was closed but Mariola Przewlocka, the airport facilities manager, was told to accept the planes or "heads would roll". Airport staff were told to stay away while the passengers were unloaded out of sight. Mini-vans with blacked-out windows drove them away to a former Soviet military intelligence base, where it is believed the CIA has its own zone.


Torture

How Rumsfeld Micromanaged Torture
30.04.07. A. Cockburn, Counterpunch / ICH.

General Petraeus Warns Against Using Torture
11.05.07. T. Ricks, Washington Post. ‘The top US commander in Iraq admonished his troops over the results of an Army survey which found that many US military personnel in Iraq are willing to tolerate some torture of suspects and unwilling to report abuse by comrades.’ And how does the top NATO commander in Afghanistan feel about this, having worked at Guantanamo, I believe?

"Enhanced Interrogation Techniques"
25.05.07. Andrew Sullivan, The Atlantic/legitgov. "enhanced interrogation techniques" is a fairly decent English translation of the Gestapo euphemism "verschaerfte Vernehmung" which was the code word for torture in the Third Reich. Look it up.

An Interrogation Role Model
30.05.07. Collateral Damage, Public Integrity Report. U.S. picked up tactics – including torture – from Israeli intelligence.



GUANTANAMO

Geneva Convention Article 3
The following acts are and shall remain prohibited at any time and in any place whatsoever with respect to the above-mentioned persons:

(a) Violence to life and person, in particular murder of all kinds, mutilation, cruel treatment and torture; Outrages upon personal dignity, in particular, humiliating and degrading treatment; The passing of sentences and the carrying out of executions without previous judgment pronounced by a regularly constituted court affording all the judicial guarantees which are recognized as indispensable by civilized peoples
.

Article 13
Prisoners of war must at all times be humanely treated. Any unlawful act or omission by the Detaining Power causing death or seriously endangering the health of a prisoner of war in its custody is prohibited, and will be regarded as a serious breach of the present Convention. In particular, no prisoner of war may be subjected to physical mutilation or to medical or scientific experiments of any kind which are not justified by the medical, dental or hospital treatment of the prisoner concerned and carried out in his interest.

Article 16
all prisoners of war shall be treated alike by the Detaining Power, without any adverse distinction based on race, nationality, religious belief or political opinions, or any other distinction founded on similar criteria.

REPORT

From the Amnesty International Report 2007

• 400 detainees from more than 30 nationalities were still held at Guantánamo Bay - the public symbol of the injustices in the “war on terror” – at the end of 2006
• 200 have staged hunger strikes since the camp opened
• 40 have attempted suicide
• 3 died in June 2006, after apparent suicides
• An unknown number of detainees are held in other, secret, detention centres or “black sites” around the world


ARTICLES

Senator calls for Guantanamo to be closed
30.04.07. Washington Times. Sen. D. Feinstein introduced legislation Monday that would require the US detention facility to close no later than a year from the enactment.

Lawyers lobby US legislators to return habeas rights to Guantanamo detainees
01.05.07. The Jurist.

Supreme Court refuses to bar Guantanamo detainee transfer to Libya
02.05.07. The Jurist.

Another Guantanamo outrage
03.05.07. Boston.com/ICH. UNWILLING TO close Guantanamo, bring its prisoners to US soil, and let them fight their detention in US courts, the Bush administration now wants to shutter the one window the outside world has on the Kafkaesque conditions in the camp. It is proposing to clamp down on the prisoners' only nonmilitary contacts, their lawyers. The US Appeals Court in Washington should reject this shameful proposal out of hand.

Gitmo Detainess Are Still Stuck Down There
07.05.07. H Schwartz, legal Times / Truth out. The Bush administration this February won a court victory denying habeas corpus to alien detainees. Now, it is trying to deny the detainees the effective assistance of counsel. None of this should come as a surprise. Ever since President George W. Bush declared his "war on terror" in the wake of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, he has claimed unlimited and unlimitable power under the commander-in-chief provisions of Article II of the Constitution. Since then, government lawyers have persisted in trying to prevent any judicial scrutiny of the president's actions in conducting this "war."

Desperate days at Guantanamo as force feeding continues
08.05.07. Nat henhof, Napa Valley Register. Force-feeding is actually done by "strapping prisoners into restraining chairs while they are fed by plastic tubes inserted through their nostrils."

US lawmakers introduce legislation to close Guantanamo prison
09.05.07. The Jurist. Jane Harman (D-CA) asserted “Guantanamo has become a liability. The real and perceived injustices occurring there have given our enemies an easy example of our failures and alleged ill intent. The prison is so widely viewed as illegitimate, so plainly inconsistent with America's proud legal traditions; it has become a stinging symbol of our tarnished standing abroad.”

Action Sought on Journalists Detained in Iraq by US
09.05.07. Editor and Publisher. Details on Sami al Hajj, al jazeera photographer, detained in Guantanamo since 2001.

U.S. Backs Off Limits on Guantánamo Lawyers
11.05.07. NY Times. There is a “But” to the story, however. On 12.05, DOJ withdraws proposed Guantanamo lawyer visit restriction.

Habeas Corpus Evaporating
14.05.07. Aziz Huq, Tom Paine. Six months after Congress enacted the Military Commissions Act of 2006 with its eyes firmly on the polls, there have been many promises and proposals from legislators about how to remedy the damage done to civil liberties by that law—but little action. Despite the powerful advocacy of former military officials, religious figures, and law enforcement officials, Congress has as of yet failed to fix a single one of the MCA’s many flaws. … In particular, Congress made it easier to hold individuals without an adequate or lawful process to determine what they have in fact done to merit detention. It established a category of “Unlawful enemy combatant,” which is presently limited in function, but which may create an open-ended detention authority. … Today, habeas remains important because the executive branch still claims to stand above the law. For the habeas-stripping provisions, while written broadly, really focus on one problem: Guantánamo. … the White House decided instead that the President could declare categorically that anyone detained was an enemy combatant—without any individualized determinations. The president’s declaration, memorialized in an order issued in February 2002, was not an effort to reflect reality. It was a “because I say so, it is.” It was, in other words, an assertion of the unilateral power to define reality.

US divulges new details on released Gitmo inmates
14.05.07. Alertnet. The Pentagon on Monday released the names of six former Guantanamo detainees who U.S. officials say re-emerged as Islamist fighters in Afghanistan after their release from the U.S. military prison in Cuba.

Former Guantanamo military lawyer on trial for leaking detainee names
14.05.07. The Jurist.

The true purpose of torture
(14.05.07. Naomi Klein, Guardian) Guantánamo is there to terrorise - both inmates and the wider world;
and
Terror Suspect Claims CIA Tortured Him
15.05.07. KSDK / ICH. A Pakistani terrorism suspect (Majid Khan) denied any connection to al-Qaida and said he was tortured and his family was hounded by U.S. authorities, according to a transcript released Tuesday by the Pentagon.

Guantánamo Detainees’ Suit Challenges Fairness of Military’s Repeat Hearings
15.05.07. W. Glaberson, NY Times. The military system of determining whether detainees are properly held at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, includes an unusual practice: If Pentagon officials disagree with the result of a hearing, they order a second one, or even a third, until they approve of the finding. These "do-overs," as some critics call them, are among the most controversial parts of the military’s system of determining whether detainees are enemy combatants, and the fairness of the repeat hearings is at the center of a pivotal federal appeals court case.

Judges Focus on Guantanamo Bay Tribunals
15.05.07. AP, Forbes. Two federal appeals court judges subjected a Bush administration attorney to intense questioning Tuesday as lawyers for prisoners at Guantanamo Bay pleaded for a broad court inquiry on behalf of the detainees. Judges Judith Rogers and Douglas Ginsburg expressed skepticism about government assurances that the appeals court will receive all necessary evidence in evaluating the detainees' status as enemy combatants.

Appeals court hears challenge to Guantanamo 'enemy combatant' status
15.05.07. The Jurist. The US DC Circuit Court of Appeals [official website] heard arguments Tuesday in a case brought by Guantanamo Bay [JURIST news archive] detainees challenging their designation as 'enemy combatants.' Last year, Congress passed the Military Commissions Act of 2006 [PDF text], which barred Guantanamo prisoners from challenging their indefinite detention but did allow them to appeal their "enemy combatants: status to the appeal courts.

It’s Our Cage, too
17.05.07. Charles Crukak (ex commandant marines) and Joseph Hoar (ex commandant in chief to U.S. Central Command ’91 – ’94), Washington Post. ‘Fear can be a strong motivator. It led Franklin Roosevelt to intern tens of thousands of innocent U.S. citizens during World War II; it led to Joseph McCarthy's witch hunt, which ruined the lives of hundreds of Americans. And it led the United States to adopt a policy at the highest levels that condoned and even authorized torture of prisoners in our custody.’

U.S. House demands plan for Guantanamo detainees
17.05.07. Reuters. Earlier this week the White House warned lawmakers not to "micro-manage" the treatment of Guantanamo detainees, saying any bill that blocked the administration from detaining people it has designated as "enemy combatants" could provoke a veto.

Harvard’s Kangaroo Law School: The School for Torturers
18.05.07. Francis Boyle. I am not going to bother to recite here all the grievous deficiencies of the Gitmo Kangaroo Courts under International Law and U.S. Constitutional Law. But suffice it to say that the Gitmo Kangaroo Courts constitute war crimes under the Laws of War.

Suit claims U.S. illegally spied on detainees' lawyers
18.05.07. A civil liberties group seeks records from the NSA's warrantless wiretap program. ‘A civil liberties organization on Thursday sued the Justice Department and the National Security Agency in New York federal court, alleging that the government illegally spied on 16 lawyers who have represented detainees at the Guantanamo Bay Naval Station in Cuba.’

Ex-Guantanamo lawyers sue for recordings of client meetings
19.05.07. [JURIST] The Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR) [advocacy website] has filed a lawsuit on behalf of 16 lawyers who once represented Guantanamo Bay detainees to force US government agencies to turn over recordings allegedly made of the lawyers while meeting with their clients. The CCR filed a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) lawsuit [complaint, PDF;…

Guantanamo detainee threatens suicide in new letter
21.05.07. The Jurist. Jumah Muhammad al-Dossari [AI backgrounder], a Bahraini detainee that has been held at Guantanamo Bay [JURIST news archive] without charges since January 2002.

The CIA’s latest ‘ghost’ detainee
22.05.07. M. Benjamin, salon.com / anti-war.com.

Violations of medical ethics by our military
22.05.07. H. Brody, Daily News / ICH. It is a clear-cut violation of international medical ethics to force-feed hunger-striking prisoners. The American Medical Association is a signatory to the world codes of medical ethics that condemn this practice.

Tutu compares horror of Guantanamo to apartheid era
23.05.07. The Argus / legitgov.

Stark choice for Guantánamo detainee: stay in jail or face torture in home country
28.05.07. Vikram Dodd, Guardian. · London man cleared for release after four years · Lawyers demand that he be able to join family in UK

Shrinks and the SERE Technique at Guantanamo
29.05.07. Stephen Soldz, ICH. Psychologists were central to the development of the abusive interrogation paradigm developed at Guantanamo and migrated to Abu Ghraib and other Iraqi prisons.

Former CIA director denies use of torture in interrogations
30.04.07. The Jurist.

Interrogation Methods Are Criticized
30.05.07. Shane, Mazzetti, NY Times. As the Bush administration completes secret new rules governing interrogations, a group of experts advising the intelligence agencies are arguing that the harsh techniques used since the 2001 terrorist attacks are outmoded, amateurish and unreliable.

Saudi prisoner kills self at Guantanamo, U.S. says
30.05.07. Washington Post. Al-Amry had not met with a lawyer, been charged with a crime, and had trained with U.S. forces . ‘U.S. Southern Command officials characterized al-Amry as a midlevel [al-Qaida] operative who ran safe houses and fought against the United States in November 2001. The Independent says Al-Amry was in a ‘maximum-security’ cell. (Yes, well, we always did know that ‘security’ is a myth upon which the U.S. govn. and corporate investors make billions)

Videos

Video. Torture -The Guantanamo Guidebook . The Guantanamo Guidebook reconstructs the regime at the US's Cuban base. For 48 hours, seven volunteers are subjected to interrogation techniques known to be used in the camp, ranging from harassment and abuse to sensory deprivation - with shocking results.

Video. Senate Revisits Military Commissions Act (16.05.07. Truth Out). The Senate Armed Services Committee held a hearing in preparation for an expected showdown with the Bush administration over the Military Commissions Act, which was narrowly passed last year. Congressional Democrats are expected to pass legislation this year to amend provisions in the act such as the denial of habeas corpus, the narrowing of the accepted definitions of "cruel and inhuman treatment," and the shielding of senior administration officials from accountability for detainee abuses. Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, Senator Patrick Leahy of Vermont, was the first witness, and called the current treatment of detainees "un-American." Guantanamo is a focus.

Video. The Genocide Group. Mark Fiore cartoon

Geneva Convention Article 10

When prisoners of war do not benefit or cease to benefit, no matter for what reason, by the activities of a Protecting Power or of an organization provided for in the first paragraph above, the Detaining Power shall request a neutral State, or such an organization, to undertake the functions performed under the present Convention by a Protecting Power designated by the Parties to a conflict.

If protection cannot be arranged accordingly, the Detaining Power shall request or shall accept, subject to the provisions of this Article, the offer of the services of a humanitarian organization, such as the International Committee of the Red Cross, to assume the humanitarian functions performed by Protecting Powers under the present Convention.


The “War on Terror”



REPORTS

'War on terror'
In its international campaign against abuses in the “war on terror”, AI exposed and denounced hundreds of cases of torture and other grave violations of human rights claimed by states to be a necessary response to security threats. AI also strongly condemned deliberate attacks on civilians and indiscriminate attacks by armed groups.

Freedom from Fear


ARTICLES

Terror war 'divisive'
24.05.07. Australian / legitgov. Fears stoked by the "war on terror" are dividing the world, Amnesty International said yesterday, attacking human rights abuses from China to Darfur, Russia and the Middle East. Human rights are flouted in Iraq and Afghanistan, on the front line of the US-led crackdown on extremism. "The politics of fear is fuelling a downward spiral of human rights abuse in which no right is sacrosanct and no person safe," said Amnesty chief Irene Kahn. "The 'war on terror' and the war in Iraq, with their catalogue of human rights abuses, have created deep divisions that cast a shadow on international relations." Amnesty says 400 detainees from more than 30 countries are still in the US detention camp at Guantanamo Bay, which it calls "the public symbol of the injustices in the 'war on terror"'.

Nations Use Fear to Distract From Rights Abuses, Group Says
24.05.07. Washington Post / ICH. "The politics of fear is fueling a downward spiral of human rights abuse in which no right is sacrosanct and no person is safe," said Irene Khan, secretary general of the human rights watchdog. Governments are undermining the rule of law and human rights with "short-sighted fear-mongering and divisive policies." (See Amnesty International Report 2007 above).


ARTICLES

Few US deportations terror-related: study
28.05.07. The Jurist. Only a handful of deportations sought by US immigration authorities between 2004 and 2006 resulted from terrorism charges, according to a study [text] released Sunday by a research institute at Syracuse University.

U.N.: WAR ON TERROR ERODING HUMAN RIGHTS
31.05.07. Washington Times.


War Crimes


Cheney accused on prisoner abuse
29.11.05. A top aide (Col Wilkerson) to former Secretary of State Colin Powell has launched a stinging attack on US Vice-President Dick Cheney over abuse of prisoners by US troops. (Col Wilkerson) ‘said that he laid the blame on the issue of prisoner abuse and post-war planning for Iraq "pretty fairly and squarely" at Mr Cheney's feet.’

Former Powell aide says Bush, Cheney guilty of 'high crimes'
10.05.07. Nick Juliano, Raw Story. "Bill Clinton's peccadilloes ... pale in significance" when compared to the "high crimes and misdemeanors" of Bush and Cheney.

Cheney criticizes the Geneva Conventions in Military Academy commencement address
26.05.07. Raw Story.


Treasury terror watch list facing FOIA lawsuit
17.05.07. [JURIST] The Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights of the San Francisco Bay Area (LCCR) [advocacy website] filed a lawsuit [complaint, PDF; press release, PDF] against the US Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC) [official website] Wednesday requesting the public disclosure of a terrorist watch list containing more than 6,000 names. LCCR requested the document in 2005 …

Bush administration removed and obfuscated human rights mechanisms - UN expert
25.05.07. Press esc. Since September 11, Bush administration has removed or obfuscated mechanisms for the protection of rights enshrined in the US Constitution and international charters, according to UN Special Rapporteur.

UN rights investigator says US committing violations
26.05.07. The Jurist.


Impeachment

Photo Chip Somodevilla / Getty (Guardian 01.06.07)

Detroit council urges Bush impeachment
17.05.07. Sacbee. The Detroit City Council called for the impeachment of President Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney, unanimously passing a resolution sponsored by a Democratic congressman's wife.

The nonbinding resolution, approved Wednesday, says Bush and Cheney conspired to defraud the United States by "intentionally misleading Congress and the public regarding the threat from Iraq in order to justify the war."

Democrats in Washington want to keep impeachment off the table
28.05.07. McClatchy. The push to impeach President Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney is gaining a hearing in some parts of the country, but not in Washington.

Conyers endorses national effort to impeach Bush, Cheney
AP. U.S. Rep. John Conyers, D-Mich., said Tuesday he supports a national effort calling for the impeachment of President Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney, but stopped short of pledging to take action to back it.

Repudiation, Not Impeachment
31.05.07. Scott Ritter, Truthdig / ICH. Any effort to impeach Bush and any of his administration found to be engaged in activities classifiable as "high crimes and misdemeanors" would fail to rein in the unitary executive core of any successor. One only has to listen to the rhetoric of the Democratic candidates for president to understand that this trend is as deeply rooted among them as it is with President Bush.
See also: The Appropriate Disillusionment of Andrew Bacevich and Cindy Sheehan(31.05.07) Gary Leupp, Dissident Voice. “It’s the Way Our System Works”


5. Dead and Wounded

See: Dead in Afghanistan: May 2007 (29.05.07. Sarah Meyer, Index Research)

add:
Brain Trauma signature injury of wars in Afghanistan, Iraq
28.05.07.S. Lengell, Washington Times. ‘More than 15,000 U.S. military personnel have been injured by explosive blasts in Iraq and Afghanistan since 2001 … the most common cause of brain injuries.’
At Walter Reed hospital, 2,130 military personell who served in iraq and Afghanistan were treated for TBI (traumatic brain injury) between January 2003 and March 2007.


6. Future Dead

See: Dead in Afghanistan (29.05.07. Sarah Meyer, Index Research)


REPORTS

Add:

Also: from
Secrecy News :

Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
24.05.07. (updated). CRS Report

Nuclear watchdog's attack warning
31.05.07. BBC. The head of the UN's nuclear watchdog has given one of his sternest warnings against using military action to halt Iran's uranium enrichment programme.


7. Book Reviews

Andrew Bacevich

The Imperial Tense: Prospects and Problems of American Empire , Ivan Dee, September 2003

The Long War: A New History of U.S. National Security Policy Since World War II, Columbia Univ. Press, June 15 2007 (hardback).

The New American Militarism (paperback), Oxford University Press, August 2006.


Mohsin Hamid

The Reluctant Fundamentalist
Hamish Hamilton, March 2007.


E.J. Hobsbawm

Globalisation, Democracy and Terrorism
Little, Brown July 2007. See extract here


Khaled Hosseini

A Thousand Splendid Suns (19.05.07. N. Walter, Guardian Review). Review of Khaled Hosseini’s 2nd book about Afghanistan.


Chalmers Johnson: American Empire Project

Blowback: The Costs and Consequences of American Empire , Metropolitan Books, March 2000

Sorrows of Empire, Metropolitan Books, January 2004

Nemesis: The Last Days of the American Republic , Metropolitan Books, February 2007


Paglen / Thompson

Trevor Paglen and A.C. Thompson: Torture Taxi: On the Trail of the CIA’s Rendition Flights, Melville House; 208 pages). Review by Ben Terrall, Dissident Voice (03.05.07. .


Sir Michael Rose

04.05.07. Chris Floyd, Empire Burlesque. An excellent review and discussion on Sir Michael Rose’s book, Washington’s War. “Rose's insights are well worth reading. And his critique goes far beyond Iraq, to take in the underlying, bipartisan, transatlantic mindset that led to the launching of this vast (Iraq) war crime -- a mindset that was formed for many of today's players in the delusions and myths surrounding the much-lauded "humanitarian intervention" in Bosnia and Kosovo. ” NATO spin is devastatingly revealed.

+

Sarah Meyer is a researcher living in the UK.

The url to Index on Afghanistan: May 2007, Part II is: http://indexresearch.blogspot.com/2007/06/index-on-afghanistan-may-2007-part-ii.html

The smaller url is: http://tinyurl.com/2u2mag

+

Other Index Research articles on Afghanistan:

Index on Afghanistan (Updated to 31/08/06)

Index on Afghanistan : September 2006

Index on Afghanistan : October 2006

Index on Afghanistan : November 2006

Index on Afghanistan : December 2006

Index on Afghanistan : January 2007

Index on Afghanistan : February 2007

Index on Afghanistan : March 2007

Index on Afghanistan: April 2007: Murder in Nangarhar

Index on Afghanistan: May 2007 Part I

NATO: The Bathtub of Unreadiness (Updated 12/01/07)

Afghanistan : NATO is now US-ATO

There will be no further Index on Afghanistan articles until September/October. I had a stroke, and need my life back a bit!


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Friday, June 01, 2007

Index on Afghanistan: May 2007 Part I

by Sarah Meyer
Index Research









Flag of Afghanistan                                                   Flag of Iraq

AFGHANISTAN: THE MIRROR OF IRAQ

Preface

Where is Osama? So, Mr. Bush-Cheney, blame al Qaeda, terrorists, insurgents, Pakistan, Puppet Karzai, Puppet Maliki, Iran, but never ever blame yourself for the horrors that you have unleashed. Most of all, never mention the cause for the misery of Afghanitan and Iraq – greedy-guts for another country’s oil and a need to keep U.S. corporate contracts in the military bag imperially forever.


Oil

Why do so many think Afghanistan is a ‘just’ and ‘right war? The Project of the new American Century was talking about Afghanistan, Osama and the Persian Gulf long before the Americans attacked Afghanistan. Afghanistan is also a war about oil.

Now, in Afghanistan, the U.S. are fretting about the Iran / Pakistan/India oil pipeline. In Iraq, there is an oil-crunch as Parliament comes near the deadline to enact Paul Bremer’s U.S. privatization plans.


Media

“Democracy and Freedom” are, of course, best served by free speech. But media censorship is rife and has been a bad egg ever since the Pentagon discovered enforcing ‘embeds’ as a way to control their war info. Corporate ownership of Mainstream Media ensures the public only hear what the government wants them to hear. Journalists have been killed and newspaper premises bombed. Recently, following NATO civilian killings in Nangarhar, Afghanistan, images were deleted. The Afghan news media found foes on all sides. In Iraq, the U.S. government defied the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, which says:

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.


Contracts

Contracts for the U.S. war machine keep investor pockets full and ensure continual war. A Report Shows Increased U.S. Military Spending Slows Economy. Billion dollar contracts increase like rabbits. As U.S. richest get richer, family income share drops.


Opium

Opium is a problem in Afghanistan, and now Iraq. In Afghanistan, the U.S. is under fire over opium plan. Further, the US and the UK disagree on how to tackle the opium issue. And now we hear there is opium in Iraq.


Aid

The purpose of these (oil) wars, we are frequently Bush-told, is to ‘win hearts and minds’ and to ‘spread democracy and freedom.’ Killing people is a strange way to show this noble philosophy when building hospitals and schools, regenerating electricity and providing potable water are much more viable ways to help destitute people. But, just as Corruption hampers Iraq reconstruction so, too, has billions been wasted in Afghanistan on aid" (27.05.07. Pak Tribune / ICH) ‘The international community is in danger of repeating in Afghanistan the mistakes made in Iraq. Millions of Afghans have seen little material improvement in their lives since 2001, and most still live in desperate poverty.’


Opposition to Occupation

The rejection of US troops by lawmakers in Afghanistan was simultaneously expressed by lawmakers in Iraq: Majority of Iraqi Lawmakers Now Reject Occupation (09.05.07, Alternet) R. Jarrar and J. Holland say that US media ignored this story.

In Afghanistan, MPs are demanding an end to military offensives. In Iraq, Parliament wants the troops out. And the powerful Al-Sadr is demanding a US pullout.




and in Iraq.

Bush soothes his silent, disapproving public, saying that Wars in Iraq, Afghanistan Are Promoting Freedom. Dick Cheney pulls the 9/11 fear whip as U.S. ships enter the Persian Gulf towards the third oil war – this one in Iran.

No one is fooled except the fools themselves. Fred Reed write succinctly on Why the US Government Is Hated All Over the World.

+

Index Research was first published in May 2005. The first article was Index on Afghanistan which has been monthly updated

+

Index to Afghanistan: May 2001 Part I

Preface
1. Oil and Gas (Pakistan/Iran /India & Iraq)
2. Strategic Imperatives (Afghanistan, Pakistan, US + 9/11)
3. Media and Videos
4. Contracts and U.S. poverty
5. Contractors
6. Investment and Aid
7. Opium


1. Oil and Gas


Pipeline: India, Pakistan narrow down differences
02.05.07. Hindu.com.

Gazprom keen on Iran-India gas pipeline
06.05.07. Peninsular Qatar.

India denies US pressure over Iranian pipeline
08.05.07. payvand. India's Petroleum and Natural Gas Minister, Murli Deora has denied reports of United States pressuring India over the Iran-Pakistan-India (IPI) gas pipeline project. He said talks are underway with the other two countries for expediting the project. … The project is not making headway as the differences between Islamabad and New Delhi over the tariff India is to pay to transport gas from Iran through the 1,035 km stretch in Pakistan remain unresolved. The price, at which Iran is willing to supply gas to India, is another area which requires consensus.

INDIA: 'WE WILL NOT BE COWED DOWN' BY U.S. OVER PIPELINE, MINISTER
09.05.07. adnki. "I can assure ... (that) India will not be cowed down by any threat. US energy secretary Samuel Bodman asked me about the Iran-Pakistan-India pipeline and we explained (our position) ... it is (none of) the US' business ... [we will] do whatever is good for us," a combative Deora told the members. Deora was responding to a question by Brinda Karat of the Communist Party of India (Marxist), who wanted to know from him what the government proposed to do in the wake of the letter written by certain US legislators to Indian prime minister Manmohan Singh asking India to back off from its engagements with Iran to save India's civilian nuclear cooperation agreement with the US. "The US senators have threatened ... we want a categorical assurance that the government will not succumb to the pressure," Karat had said.

Big Oil attacked over record gas prices
16.05.07. S. Hargreaves, CNN. Critics tell House panel that mismanagement, lack of competition are behind record prices; call for gas reserve, possible oil company breakup.

Iraq-Iranian agreement to lay oil pipeline
18.05.07. Dergham Mohammed Ali, Voices of Iraq / uruknet.
The Iraqi government has agreed with Iran to start laying oil pipeline between the two countries to export Iraqi oil to the neighboring country, the official spokesman for Iraq's Oil Ministry said on Thursday.

India to go slow on Iran gas pipeline
21.05.07. la.rediff / ICH. The government has put on hold the signing of the Iran-Pakistan-India pipeline deal, pending the conclusion of the 123 nuclear agreement with the United States.

Transporters stop oil supply to foreign forces in Afghanistan
24.05.07. Pakistani transporters of oil to US and NATO troops in Afghanistan have suspended supplies from a major refinery because of repeated militant attacks on tanker trucks at the border, a press report said Thursday.

IPI gas project to be signed in July
28.05.07. Times of India. Iran, Pakistan and India are striving to sign an agreement in July to export natural gas from Iran to the two nations, the official IRNA news agency reported on Sunday quoting an Iranian minister.

Iran-Pakistan-India Pipeline Deal Likely By End-June
31.05.07. online news.

2. Strategic Imperatives

AFGHANISTAN

REPORT

Amnesty International Report 2007
The government and its international partners were unable to ensure security and a climate of political uncertainty grew in the course of the year. Armed conflict, marked by aerial bombardments and suicide bombings, escalated in southern parts of the country. At least 1,000 civilians were killed. Poor governance, the power of regional commanders and the impact of narcotics undermined the rule of law and human rights. Government security bodies committed human rights violations with impunity. There was little reform of judicial, law enforcement and security agencies. Women continued to face violence. Human rights defenders, including women, were targeted and killed. It became increasingly dangerous to speak out against human rights abuses and for justice.

Informative information on Background; Conflict; Resurgence of the Taleban; Weak government; Detention by International Forces; Rights of Women and human rights defenders; Transitional Justice; Freedom of expression; Amnesty International reports / visits.


ARTICLES

Afghan politician rejects prisoner abuse claims
01.05.07. ctv. Mackenzie suggested NATO may eventually set up their own facility that could show the Afghans how to properly run a prison.

Azerbaijan to double its military contingent in Afghanistan to 40-44
02.05.07. AP/IHT.

Some 1600 displaced after US air raids
03.05.07. United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs / Relief web.

NATO and the [Taliban] (L'OTAN et les talibans)
04.05.07. Editorial, le Monde / Truthout. Succinct and educated appraisal of the mess in Afghanistan. ‘ The Pashtun "students of religion," nourished on the milk of Pakistan's secret services and madrassas, supported by the jihadist al-Qaeda movement, are gaining ground in the country and in the minds of Afghans. This rise in power - five and a half years after the fall of the Taliban Islamic Emirate - is a major failure for NATO./ The Western operation in Afghanistan suffers from multiple maladies.’ …

Thirsty to fight, hard to wake up
04.05.07. D. Walsh in Camp Shorabak, Guardian. There have been four attempts to forge a strong central army in Afghanistan since the 18th century. Each has failed, frustrated by war, invasions or the stubborn ways of conservative tribesmen. Now the west is making the fifth try, and the task is no less urgent, or complicated, than in the past. … "You can keep pumping in money but in the long term it is not sustainable," he (Dr Giustozzi) said.

Rethinking Iraq and Afghanistan
05.07.Dr M Ashraf Adeel, The International Times. NATO has no legal authority to operate in Afghanistan and its presence is increasingly being viewed as occupation by Afghans.

Afghan lawmakers call for talks with Taliban, halt to NATO military operations
08.05.07. AP / IHT.

Afghan MPs demand end to military offensives
09.05.07. Guardian/ICH. Afghan MPs today called for an end to military offensives by international forces amid reports that 21 civilians had died in a wave of US-led air strikes yesterday.

Afghan officials warn U.S.
10.05.07. J. Straziuso, AP/ICH. Lawmakers are angered by a mounting civilian death toll and call for a cease-fire and talks with the Taliban. … The proposal from the upper house of parliament, which also calls for a date to be set for the withdrawal of foreign troops, suggests that Afghan support for the five-and-a-half-year-old international military mission is crumbling amid a spate of civilian deaths. The resolution, which NATO labeled “a warning shot” across its own bow, came as reports emerged Wednesday of 21 villagers killed in airstrikes, including several women and children.

The rejection of US troops in Afghanistan by lawmakers was simultaneously expressed by lawmakers in Iraq: Majority of Iraqi Lawmakers Now Reject Occupation (09.05.07, Alternet) R. Jarrar and J. Holland say that US media ignored this story.

Afghanistan president awaits high court ruling on foreign minister dismissal
13.05.07. The Jurist

Get out of Afghanistan and Iraq
14.05.07. Patrick Seale, Gulf News. Afghanistan will be high on the agenda when Nato Secretary-General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer visits President George W. Bush at his Texas ranch on May 20-21. … The most important new development is that the Afghans themselves, sickened by war and mounting civilian casualties, want US and other foreign troops to leave.

Taliban names replacement after death of top commander
14.05.07. somalinet. The Taliban in Afghanistan says the younger brother of a top military commander killed over the weekend will take over as chief military strategist for the movement.

Supreme Taliban Leader Mullah Omar Issues Statement Calling For Unity In Afghanistan, Iraq
14.05.07. Umm Saad, Jihad Unspun / uruknet. Warning that a large part of America’s strategy is to divide the fighting forces, the Amir Al-Mumineen calls for all to unite under the flag of Islam.

NATO losing Afghan civilian support in war on terror
15.05.07. Zee news

Afghan refugee crisis brewing
17.05.07. D. Montero, Christian Science Monitor. Home to 3 million refugees, Iran and Pakistan are intensifying efforts to send them home. Experts say it will be 'disastrous' for Afghanistan.

Mullah Dadullah's replacement named
18.05.07. jazeera. Mansour was freed in March as part of a prisoner swap for the release of Daniele Mastrogiacomo, an Italian journalist kidnapped while working in Afghanistsan.

Afghan Battle Lines Become Blurred
19.05.07. M K Bhadrakumar , Asia Times. Things are not going to be the same again. The war is transforming. Adversarial lines are being redrawn. The enemy's contours have changed. Front lines are being abandoned. In another six to eight weeks, hot, dry winds will have arrived, bearing fine, yellow dust that envelops everything, making appearances even more deceptive. No one will be able then to tell with certitude who is the enemy. … Looking back, the ground began to shift on New Year's Eve, when the lower chamber of the Afghan Parliament passed a bill that would grant amnesty to all Afghans involved in any war crimes during the past quarter-century. The resolution said, "In order to bring reconciliation among various strata in the society, all those political and belligerent sides that were involved one way or the other during the two and a half decades of war will not be prosecuted legally and judicially." … For the first time, Afghans spoke out that they no longer held the United States in awe. At a single stroke, the December 31 amnesty move deprived the US of the one weapon that it wielded for blackmailing the "warlords" into submission - powerful leaders of the Northern Alliance groups, the mujhideen field commanders, and petty local thugs alike. … A lot of homework had obviously gone into the initiative. Afghan leaders, with their native wisdom, estimated that the war was going nowhere and that the chance of "victory" by the US, which was never good, had probably passed. They saw ahead that the superpower, which arrived full of hubris, might well depart humbled. They wished to be on call when the time came.

Taliban commander: War will go on until West leaves
23.05.07. Eecho / ICH.

Afghans working with NATO face great personal risk
25.05.07. Canada com.

The Centrality of Iraq and Afghanistan in Defeating the Empire
25.05.07. ***James Petras, Axis of Logic/uruknet. ...The imperial wars of conquest however were stopped literally dead in their tracks at their starting point: Iraq and Afghanistan. Subsequent to the US invasion and occupation of Iraq and Afghanistan, a formidable mass armed resistance emerged from the underground, aided by widespread civilian support. Large majorities of public opinion, major religious communities, trade union militants , small business associations and! neighborhood-based community organizations actively and passively opposed the US-led occupation forces at every turn, providing logistical support and intelligence to the armed and non-violent resistance. Similar developments took place at a later stage in Afghanistan. Despite draconian military measures, including the bombing of population centers, systematic mass round-ups of civilians followed by brutal torture, the US military failed to consolidate its rule via puppet regimes. As the resistance grew, Washington’s efforts to foment ethnic-religious sectarian warfare and territorial fragmentation failed. By late 2006 it was clear that the imperial army’s only territorial conquest was the bunkers in the so-called 'Green Zone’. In 2007 Washington escalated its troop commitments in a desperate effort to fend off impending defeat and to recover massive loss of domestic support...

Hunt for 'traitors' splits Taliban
27.05.07. J. Burke, Observer. Spy mania grips the Afghan rebels as top commanders fall victim to tip-offs by informers to coalition troops

Afghans doubt NATO, struggle to feed families: survey
29.05.07. ABC. Half of 17,000 men surveyed in April in southern Afghanistan say they believe the Taliban will triumph against NATO forces, an international think tank says.
Eighty per cent of respondents also say they are preoccupied with trying to feed their families in the war-torn nation, the poll by The Senlis Council says. Norine MacDonald … says Afghans are worse off now than under Taliban rule.

AFGHAN BORDER POLICE DETAIN NANGARHAR PROVINCE TALIBAN LEADER
05.07. Sayed Gulab … is currently being held for questioning in a Coalition detention facility. Contact: bagrammediacenter@afghan.swa.army.mil

Losing the other war’ in Afghanistan?
29.05.07. K. Inderfurth, IHT.

Afghans pessimistic about NATO, struggle to feed families: study
29.05.07. Pak Tribune.


PAKISTAN

REPORT

Amnesty International Report 2007: Pakistan
05.07. Information on Background; Arbitrary detention/enforced disappearances; Excessive use of force and unlawful killings; Failure to protect minorities; Violence against women; Children's rights; Death penalty; Earthquake relief; AI country reports/visits.


ARTICLES

'They sold out the world for an F-16 sale'
30.04.07. L. Ryland, Raw Story/ICH. The US and its allies allowed Pakistan to clandestinely acquire most of the technology for its nuclear program from abroad, unwittingly facilitating the spread of nuclear weapons technology to Iran, North Korea and Libya over the past several decades.

Pakistan, Afghanistan agree to form grand jirga
04.05.07. Daily Times.

NATO secretary-general in Pakistan for talks on Afghanistan, regional security
08.05.07. AP.

Bomb destroys nine oil tankers in Afghanistan
09.05.07. online news. ISLAMABAD - Nine tankers carrying oil for international forces in Afghanistan went up in flames when a suspected militant bomb blew up under one of the vehicles on the Pakistani side of the border, an official said Tuesday...In what was termed the latest act of sabotage against supplies to NATO and US forces, the parked tankers reportedly loaded with 44,000 litres of fuel, were destroyed in a chain reaction Monday night in the border town of Shaikhwal in Pakistan’s restive Khyber Agency.

US turns against Musharraf
12.05.07. Syed Saleem Shahzad, Asia Times. ‘Musharraf may be more the problem than the solution.’

27 killed, dozens wounded as Pakistan's crisis erupts
13.05.07. Observer.

Troops told to shoot rioters as death toll mounts in Karachi
14.05.07. Independent. Pakistan's government authorised paramilitary troops to shoot anyone involved in serious violence yesterday as the crisis triggered by the dismissal of Pakistan's top judge took an ominous and bloody turn.

The clock is ticking
14.05.07. S. Tisdall, Guardian. After almost eight years of rule Pakistan's president, General Pervez Musharraf, is fast shedding friends at home and abroad. Is his time running out?

Strikes paralyse Pakistan
15.05.07. news.com

Afghan-Pakistan clashes strain ties
15.05.07. BRAHIM FAIEZ, AP. ecent border fighting between Afghan and Pakistani soldiers that killed at least 13 people violated agreements the two neighbors signed to combat terrorism, President Hamid Karzai's spokesman said Tuesday.

Tariq Ali: Law and order
16.05.07. Tariq Ali, Guardian. In Pakistan, the general should discard his uniform, the judge should forgo his black robes and the two men should battle it out on the electoral terrain.

Military Aid up 50 percent post 9-11.
22.05.07. UPI/anti-war.com. The top ‘beneficiary’ is Pakistan, receiving $9million in military aid.

Bush picks Anne Patterson as Pakistan ambassador
23.05.07. zee news / anti-war.com.

Osama, Zawahiri not in tribal areas: PM
28.05.07. The Int. news.com.anti-war.com

US ’copters violate Pak airspace
31.05.07. The int news. US helicopter gunships violated Pakistan’s air space for the second time in less than a week by intruding at least five kilometres inside the restive North Waziristan tribal agency on Wednesday, residents and officials told The News.


UNITED STATES

REPORTS

U.S. SOCOM: Posture Statement 2007

04.08. Secrecy Newswrites: In Fiscal Year 2007, U.S. Special Operations Command has total authorized manpower of 47,911 persons, according to a new SOCOM posture statement, which provides an overview of special operations capabilities and missions.

World Publics Reject US Role as the World Leader
05.07. World Public Opinion Report. Most publics say the United States plays the role of world policeman more than it should, fails to take their country's interests into account and cannot be trusted to act responsibly. Full Report (PDF) Full Report.

DoD Personnel Clearances: Delays and Inadequate Documentation Found for Industry Personnel
17.05.07. [GAO-07-842T]


ARTICLES

The Secrets of Mind Control
29.04.07. Ziopedia. This concise mind control summary is based on astonishing excerpts from three landmark books: Bluebird by Colin A. Ross MD; Mind Controllers by Dr. Armen Victorian; and A Nation Betrayed by Carol Rutz. All three authors provide hundreds of footnotes to support their groundbreaking research. Much of this information is based on 18,000 pages of declassified CIA mind control documents.

The U.S.' War on Democracy
02.05.07, Pablo Navarrete, Venezuelanalysis.com/ ICH. Interview with John Pilger. The United States has long waged a war on democracy behind a facade of propaganda designed to contort the intellect and morality of Americans and the rest of us. For many of your readers, this is known. However, for others in the West, the propaganda that has masked Washington's ambitions has been entrenched, with its roots in the incessant celebration of World War Two, the "good war", then "victory" in the cold war.

The Crusaders
03.05.07. By Robert Koehler, ICH. “The Christian Taliban is Running the Department of Defense.” Can you imagine a contingent of religious zealots, with their contempt for secular values (and such manifestations of secular order as the U.S. Constitution) - and with their zest for holy war - in control of the most potent fighting force and weaponry in human history? Is this possible?

Only 55 percent of U.S. soldiers would report killing innocent civilian
04.05.07. PAULINE JELINEK, AP / ICH. (This study refers to Iraq)

Fighting fund: The US$564 billion war for profit
04.05.07. Peter Boyle, Green left. This year’s proposed US spending on the Iraq war is larger than the military budgets of China and Russia combined. The combined spending requests would push the total for Iraq to US$564 billion, according to the non-partisan Congressional Research Service (CRS).

From Serving in Iraq To Living on the Streets
05.05.07. C. Davenport, Washington Post. Homeless Vet Numbers Expected to Grow. A moving story about Post Traumatic Stress Disorder which can affect any soldier in either Iraq or Afghanistan.

Newsweek: Bush approval hits all time low of 28 percent
05.05.07. Raw Story / anti-war.com.

Soldiers admit: 'Iraq war is lost'
06.05.07. information liberation / ICH. The war is lost. That's the message coming out of Iraq and Afghanistan by those sent to fight it. … The picture emerging from Afghanistan echoes the sense of failure. The Taliban are now moving into areas that were once considered secure.

Pentagon Alerts 4,500 Troops To Afghanistan Deployment
09.05.07. all headline news.

Afghanistan: U.S. troops stay until '08
10.05.07. AP. Registerguard.

Olson Picked to Lead U.S. Special Operations Command
11.05.07. A.S. Tyson, Washington Post. Socom's influence and budget -- projected at more than $6 billion for 2008 -- have grown since Sept. 11, 2001. In 2004, Bush designated Socom as the lead military organization for combating terrorism. In recent years, about 80 percent of deployed Special Operations forces have been engaged in Iraq and Afghanistan.

The CIA -- a Terrorist Organization
11.05.07. C. nelson, oh my news. ‘Most definitions of terrorism include only those acts which are intended to create fear or "terror," are perpetrated for an ideological goal (as opposed to an attack by a "madman"), and deliberately target "non-combatants." According to the United States Federal Criminal Code, Chapter 113B of Part I of Title 18, terrorism is defined as “activities that involve violent ... or life-threatening acts ... that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State and ... appear to be intended (i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; (ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or (iii) to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping; and ... (C) occur primarily within the territorial jurisdiction of the United States ... [or] ... (C) occur primarily outside the territorial jurisdiction of the United States." … In reality, the CIA does not only gather information but consistently targets and engages in covert operations, psychological operations, and acts of terrorism both domestically and internationally.’ Discusses past/present operations of CIA and concludes: “It seems to me you cannot claim to fight terrorism or claim to be the beacon of democracy with an organization like the CIA in your ranks.”

Tomgram: Chalmers Johnson, Ending the Empire
15.05.07. Tom Dispatch. *** Brilliant.

Bush selects Pentagon official as ‘war czar’
15.05.07. NBC. Lt. Gen. Lute chosen to oversee Iraq, Afghanistan conflicts, officials say

US seeks extradition of Muslim cleric imprisoned in UK
17.05.07. [JURIST] Lawyers for the US government argued for the extradition of Muslim cleric Abu Hamza al-Masri [BBC profile; JURIST news archive] in a hearing before a London court Thursday. Al-Masri is currently serving a seven-year prison sentence [JURIST report] in Britain for urging his followers to kill Jews and other non-Muslims and using "threatening, abusive or insulting words or behavior" …

The Militarization of the United States
19.05.07. C. Nelson, Oh My News / ICH. Under the guise of the war on terror the Bush administration has managed to set in motion the process of militarizing the United States by completely undermining the United States Constitution, dividing the nation, and restructuring the intelligence and defense department positions to appoint military officers to key leadership positions

Why the US Government Is Hated All Over the World
22.05.07. Fred Reed, ICH. Something is wrong with the United States. I think most of us have noticed it. There is a mortal rot in the country, made manifest by many little rots that are hard to integrate mentally yet are, I think, somehow related. The change is grave, accelerating, probably irreversible, and fascinating. Things are not as they were. … Some of this combativeness is obvious – attacking Iraq for no good reason, occupying Afghanistan, threatening Syria and Iran, attacking Lebanon by proxy, bombing Somalia, putting troops in the Philippines to hunt Moslems.

A Drive for Global Domination has put us in Greater Danger
24.05.07. Al Gore, The Guardian / ICH. The pursuit of "dominance" in foreign policy led the Bush administration to ignore the UN, to do serious damage to our most important alliances, to violate international law, and to cultivate the hatred and contempt of many in the rest of the world.

US Show of Force in Gulf "Greatly Alarming"
26.05.07. Sayed Salahuddin, Reuters / Truthout. A US navy show of force on Iran's doorstep is "greatly alarming" for the region and the United States risked a bloody quagmire if it invaded Iran, a state-run Afghan newspaper said on Saturday.

Cheney delivers call to arms at West Point
26.05.07. NBC. VP warns graduates that ‘nobody can promise us we won’t be hit again’ (fear whip)

Bush Says Wars in Iraq, Afghanistan Are Promoting Freedom
27.05.07. Bloomberg.

2004 Crash in Afghanistan Highlights Gaps in U.S. Control Over Flights
28.05.07. M. Wald, NY Times.

Brain Trauma signature injury of wars in Afghanistan, Iraq
28.05.07.S. Lengell, Washington Times. ‘More than 15,000 U.S. military personnel have been injured by explosive blasts in Iraq and Afghanistan since 2001 … the most common cause of brain injuries.’
At Walter Reed hospital, 2,130 military personell who served in iraq and Afghanistan were treated for TBI (traumatic brain injury) between January 2003 and March 2007.



9/11

Slip of the tongue? Rumsfeld admits that "Flight 93" was shot down
Video and transcripts. 12.05.07. M. Chossudovsky, Global Research.ca.

Senators Want CIA to Release 9/11 Report
17.05.07. AP/SanFran Gate. The CIA has spent more than 20 months weighing requests under the Freedom of Information Act for its internal investigation of the attacks but has yet to release any portion of it. … The agency is the only federal office involved in counterterrorism operations that has not made at least a version of its internal 9/11 investigation public. … Completed in June 2005, the inspector general's report examined the personal responsibility of individuals at the CIA before and after the attacks. Other agencies' reviews examined structural problems within their organizations. .. But he (Wyden) did say that protecting individuals from embarrassment is not a legitimate reason for protecting the report's contents from public review. He also said the decision to classify the report has nothing to do with national security, but rather political security.

The end of innocence
20.05.07. Pankak Mishra, Guardian Review. A superb summary of all books on 9/11.

Macho Mistakes at Ground Zero
22.05.07. NY Times Editorial. As more and more workers who inhaled the dust at ground zero fall ill, it has become increasingly clear that much of the problem can be traced to the Giuliani administration's failure to insist that all emergency personnel and construction workers at the site wear respirators.

For the First Time, New York Links a Death to 9/11 Dust
24.05.07. A. de Palma, NYTimes / Truth Out. New York City's chief medical examiner, Dr. Charles S. Hirsch, has for the first time directly linked a death to exposure to dust from the destruction of the World Trade Center.

Seven Insurance Companies Pay Silverstein Properties $2 billion As Settlement For 9/11 Insurance Claims
24.05.07. Insurance News / ICH. The nearly six year long legal wrangling between Silverstein Properties and seven insurance companies finally ended with the biggest settlement agreement in regulatory history: $2 billion.

Videos

Video CBC Investigates The Secret War That Led To 9/11 The Secret History of 9/11 provides a look at the long, secret war waged against al-Qaeda from the White House, the CIA and the FBI, and examines the key intelligence failures that allowed the 9/11 plot to happen

9/11: Major Italian TV network: conclusive evidence that WTC Building 7 was demolished with explosives
and
Video. "Seven is exploding" This video shows the original BBC clip which was later withdrawn. (03.05.07. Massimo Mazzucco


3. Media and Videos


"I may disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it." Voltaire

REPORTS

Freedom of Speech and Press: Exceptions to the First Amendment
26.05.07. (UPDATED). CRS Report.


STORIES

"No Mercy": Annals of the Afghan Liberation
30.04.07. Chris Floyd’s thoughts on media articles about ‘rah rah’ good war in Afghanistan. … This is the ethos of the War on Terror (on every side of this hydra-headed conflict): "No mercy." "Extreme aggression." "Uncompromising force." And this is the dictum with which Bush now sends his troops into battle -- a directive that echoes almost precisely the instructions given by another "war leader" to his armies as they stood poised to launch a war of aggression based on false pretenses, some 68 years ago: "Close your hearts to pity."

Afghan News Media Find Foes on All Sides
07.05.07. Washington Post / anti-war.com. Violence, Politics Imperil Press Freedom

Afghanistan: Effort To Change Media Law Puts Journalists On Guard
09.05.07. rferl / anti-war.com

The War on Free Expression
Stephen Lendman.

One War Criminal Down, A Fistful to Go
11.05.07. Paul Craig Roberts, ICH. British Prime Minister Tony Blair, or more accurately, George W. Bush’s lap dog, has resigned to England’s relief. Story includes discussion of MSM role in keeping Bush and his lap dog, Blair, in power.

CBS fires consultant Gen. Batiste over VoteVets ad; 'We went to war with a fatally flawed strategy'
11.05.07. Raw Story. General Batiste says, “"I'm no longer wearing the uniform of our country; I have no ties to the defense industry; I can speak honestly, I have a duty to do so. And I know there [are] other generals both active duty and retired that are doing all they can within their means. In my case, I'll continue to speak out." With Video.

YouTube Wants to Meet With U.S. Military Over Web Ban
15.05.07. Salem news. Feedback from soldiers indicates that they are anything but happy about losing access to the sites, and the list may be longer than the government is admitting. ‘It looks like at least one video service that is being banned from U.S. government computers is going to fight back. … views from several soldiers … ‘But Jack Idema, a Special Forces soldier, says it isn't even the Department of Defense that is pressing this issue; it comes from an even higher source, "All of which emanate from State Department's actual control of how this war is waged. The last thing they want is a SGT in the 82nd Airborne putting up videos of what really happened and contradicting Rene Boucher on the 6 O'Clock News. And that's just the tip of the iceberg." … The majority of soldiers were not in support of the government ban, they see it as an attempt to reduce the flow of information they receive. One soldier who did not seek to be identified, says the government has even clamped down on a popular site that soldiers use to purchase equipment that helps them stay alive in the war, "you can't go onto eBay anymore at some sites across Afghanistan." … They treat you like a mushroom- feed you a lot of sh*t and keep you in the dark." ‘

State-mandated Internet censorship on the rise: report
18.05.07. The Jurist. A study released Friday by the OpenNet Initiative (ONI) [advocacy website] has found a "substantial growth in the scale, scope and sophistication" of Internet censorship [JURIST news archive] worldwide. The study, focusing on state-mandated censorship, found evidence of content filtering in 25 of 41 countries tested.

Afghanistan journalists sentenced for violating mass media law, disobeying AG
18.05.07. [JURIST] Authorities in Afghanistan [JURIST news archive] have sentenced two Tolo Television [network website] journalists for "violating mass media law" and disobeying orders of the attorney general, according to state-controlled Afghanistan National Television (ANTV).

Manufacturing Indifference: Searching for a New ‘Propaganda Model’
19.05.07. Danny Schechter, Common Dreams. Twenty years ago, a professor of finance at the Wharton School in Philadelphia and a far better known professor of linguistics at MIT set out to come with a way to explain how our media really works. Rather than offer a case study of coverage of one issue, or an analysis of this or that flaw or media “mistake,” they set out to try to make sense of the way the media functions as a “system” what rules govern the behavior of media institutions in reporting on crisis abroad. They didn’t call it a theory because they believed they were not being speculative but factual. .. They came up with what they called a “model,” not of journalism, but of propaganda.

Not to See the Fallen Is No Favor
28.05.07. D. CARR, NY TIMES. ‘Since last year, the military's embedding rules require that journalists obtain a signed consent from a wounded soldier before the image can be published. Images that put a face on the dead, that make them identifiable, are simply prohibited.’ … Ashley Gilbertson, a veteran freelance photographer who has been to Iraq seven times and has worked for The New York Times, (along with Time and Newsweek among others), said the policy, as enforced, is coercive and unworkable. .. "They are not letting us cover the reality of war," he added. "I think this has got little to do with the families or the soldiers and everything to do with politics." .. Until last year, no permission was required to publish photographs of the wounded, but families had to be notified of the soldier's injury first. Now, not only is permission required, but any image of casualties that shows a recognizable name or unit is off-limits. And memorials for the fallen in Iraq can no longer be shown, even when the unit in question invites coverage. .. Journalists are frustrated with the new regulations in part because, as this current surge has progressed, there have been further pinches on information. On May 13, the Iraq Interior Ministry said bombing sites would be off limits for an hour after an event; just days later, Iraqi police forces fired shots over the heads of working press to enforce the decree. .. James Glanz, a Baghdad correspondent who will become bureau chief for The New York Times next month, said that although he and others had many great experiences working with the rank-and-file soldiers, some military leaders seem determined to protect something besides the privacy of their troops. .. When this war began, the government attempted to manage images by banning photographs of coffins returning to United States soil. If the government chooses to overmanage the wages of war in Iraq, there is a real danger that when this new generation of veterans, whose ranks grow every day, could come home to a place where their fellow Americans have little idea what they have gone through.


VIDEOS

Video. Dispatches: War on Terror.


Sean Langan, BBC photo


Video
. Afghan Ladies Driving School, Sean Langan.

Video. The War Party. Panorama investigates the "neo-conservatives", the small and unelected group of right-wingers, who critics claim have hijacked the White House. They brought us war against Iraq - what do the hawks in Washington have in store for us now? 2003 film.

Video. The Cost of War + transcript, Bill Moyers.

Video. Bill Moyers Talks With Jon Stewart
27.04.07. And transcript.

Video . SPIN: The Art of Selling War. Directed by Josh Rushing, a veteran Marine Corps media spokesman, "SPIN: The Art of Selling War" is an investigative documentary that looks at the standard justification for going to war by the American administrations of past and present.


4. Contracts

REPORT

Amnesty International report 2007: Facts and Figures

• US$22bn is spent on arms on average by countries in Asia, the Middle East, Latin America and Africa each year.

• 2 bullets are produced for every man, woman and child on the planet each year

• 1,250,000 people joined the Million Faces photo petition demanding tougher controls on the arms trade

• 153 governments voted in December to start work towards an international Arms Trade Treaty

• 24 countries abstained

• 1 voted against the Treaty – the USA


ARTICLES

Boeing Awarded Contract for Additional Joint Helmet-Mounted Cueing Systems
07.05.07. Global Security. Boeing [NYSE: BA] has received a $69 million contract for 321 additional Joint Helmet-Mounted Cueing Systems (JHMCS). The multi-role system enhances pilot situational awareness and provides head-out control of aircraft targeting systems and sensors.

Bechtel, UC chosen for Livermore contract
10.05.07. la monitor. Rather than the University of California running the two nuclear weapons design laboratories, as it had done more than half a century, the operators are now LANS and LLNS (pronounced "LINS"). Despite similarities, they are legally distinct, stand-alone, limited liability manifestations of UC and Bechtel and miscellaneous partners. Story contains contract highlights.

Lockheed lands 'PBL' contract for Apache
11.05.07. UPI. ‘worth as much as $380million over four years.’

Now Switzerland launches bribery probe into BAE
13.05.07. Times on line.

Lockheed wins Pakistan contract
14.05.07. Orlando Sentinel. Terms of the Pakistan deal call for deliveries to begin in 2008.

PCG Wins Contractor Access for Government Contracts
15.05.07. contractor calculator. ‘The London based Professional Contractors Group has successfully negotiated for new guidance on these contracts with the Recuitment and Employment Federation and the government departments involved. PCG spokesperson explains.

Intracom Defense Electronics wins 15 mln usd NATO program tender
16.05.07. Forbes. Intracom Holdings defence unit, Intracom Defense Electronics, announced that it won a 15 mln usd tender to manufacture electronic units for the NATO ESSM (Evolved SeaSparrow Missile) ground-to-air missile. The tender, which saw participation from 10 countries, was awarded by Raytheon on behalf of NATOs consortium and the program will be implemented up until 2010.

Northrop gets piece of $20B Army IT contract
17.05.07. Los Angeles Biz journals

Universal Guardian Earns $6.734 Million Security Contract
17.05.07. Sys-con. an emerging global leader in non- lethal protection products, integrated transportation and global supply chain security systems, and strategic security services to protect against terrorist, criminal, and security threats to governments and businesses worldwide announced today that Universal Guardian's Service Group subsidiary in Afghanistan, Strategic Security Solutions International (SSSI) has earned a multi-year contract from AED worth 6.734 million dollars through 2011 to provide security support services to the AED (Academy for Education Development) in Afghanistan for Rural Expansion of Afghanistan's Community- Based Health Care.

Raytheon wins $10M Army contract to provide sensor systems
18.05.07. eye witness.

It's thriving, but lethal
22.05.07. Mark Curtis, Guardian. Britain's decade of arms exports puts the lie to any notion of an ethical foreign policy under Blair. Yesterday's report by the NGO Saferworld documents the £45bn worth of arms delivered by Britain in the past 10 years, making us the world's second-largest arms exporter. In the past three years, arms have been exported to 19 of the 20 countries identified in the Foreign Office's annual human rights report as "countries of concern".

Boeing wins $30M B-52 contract
23.05.07. Washington biz journals

$100bn more to fight 'terror"
26.05.07. C. Stephen, Scotsman, AMERICAN spending on Iraq and Afghanistan has eclipsed the cost of the Vietnam War, making the War on Terror the second most expensive conflict in United States' history.

Boeing wins $30M B-52 contract
23.05.07. Washington biz journals

Video Trail of the Dove. "The Dove" is the name of a series of massive arms sales by the United Kingdom to Saudi Arabia. Al Jazeera English reveals the corruption behind the biggest arms deals in British history.


And U.S. Poverty



Rank Order - Current account balance
05.07. CIA. World Fact Book

Report Shows Increased U.S. Military Spending Slows Economy
01.05.07. CEPR / ICH. The report, presenting the results of a simulation from the economic forecasting company Global Insight, shows the increased level of military spending leads to fewer jobs and slower economic growth.

Trick or trickle? – As U.S. richest get richer, family income share drops
07.05.07. catholic org / ICH.

The Poverty Business
12.05.07. Business Week / ICH. Inside U.S. companies' audacious drive to extract more profits from the nation's working poor

US Health System Ranks Last Compared To Other Countries: Studies
16.05.07. Jocelyne Zablit,, AFP . ICH. The US ranked last in most areas, including access to health care, patient safety, timeliness of care, efficiency and equity. Americans were also last in terms of whether they had a regular physician.

Get Busy Living, Or Get Busy Dying
22.05.07. David Sirota, ICH. Today, American workers' take-home pay represents a smaller share of the nation's total income than at any time in the last forty years. At the same time, corporate profits as a share of national income are at an all-time high.

A Great but Broken Promise
23.05.07. Bill Moyers, TomPaine.com/Truthout. Bill Moyers writes: "Think it over: In 1960, the gap in wealth between the top 20 percent of our country and the bottom 20 percent was 30 fold. Now, it is 75 fold. Stock prices and productivity are up, and CEO salaries are soaring, but ordinary workers aren't sharing in the profits they helped generate. Their incomes aren't keeping up with costs. More Americans live in poverty - 37 million, including 12 million children. 12 million children! America's a broken promise. America needs fixing."

Economy Has Worst Growth Since 2002
01.06.07. Yahoo / smartpros. The economy nearly stalled in the first quarter with growth slowing to a pace of just 0.6 percent. That was the worst three-month showing in over four years.


5. Contractors

George Tenet Cashes In On Iraq
08.05.07. Tim Shorrock, Salon / ICH. The former CIA chief is earning big money from corporations profiting off the war -- a fact not mentioned in his combative new book or heard on his publicity blitz. Tenet sits on the board of directors of L-1 Identity Solutions, a major supplier of biometric identification software used by the U.S. to monitor terrorists and insurgents in Iraq and Afghanistan. The company recently acquired two of the CIA's hottest contractors for its growing intelligence outsourcing business. At the Analysis Corp. (TAC), a government contractor run by one of Tenet's closest former advisors at the CIA, Tenet is a member of an advisory board that is helping TAC expand its thriving business designing the problematic terrorist watch lists used by the National Counterterrorism Center and the State Department.

Tenet is also a director of Guidance Software, which makes forensic software used by U.S. law enforcement and intelligence to search computer hard drives and laptops for evidence used in the prosecution and tracking of suspected terrorists. And Tenet is the only American director on the board of QinetiQ, the British defense research firm that was privatized in 2003 and was, until recently, controlled by the Carlyle Group, the powerful Washington-based private equity fund. Fueled with Carlyle money, QinetiQ acquired four U.S. companies in recent years, including an intelligence contractor, Analex Inc. … Last fall, as part of its push into intelligence outsourcing, L-1 acquired SpecTal, a Reston, Va., intelligence contractor with at least 300 employees with security clearances, gaining instant access to several agencies where SpecTal had contracts, including the CIA, the NSA and the Defense Intelligence Agency. … Just recently, L-1 picked up another intelligence contractor, Advanced Concepts Inc. More!

Outsourcing the War
11.05.07. Jeremy Scahill, The Nation. Jeremy Scahill, bestselling author and investigative reporter for The Nation, testified May 10 before the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Defense on the impact of private military contractors on the conduct of the Iraq War. This is the full text of his remarks.

Tomgram: Berrigan, U.S. Takes Gold in Arms Olympics
20.05.07. Tom Dispatch.

Many of the contractor companies in Iraq are also in Afghanistan. For more information on security contractors, see Iraq: Security Companies and Training Camps

Armies for Hire
14.05.07. Peter Snow. BBC. Since the invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan there has been a staggering boom in the demand for civilian soldiers who carry arms for private companies. . Part I: the Dogs of Peace. Video.


6. Investment and Aid



Revived Taliban restrict Afghan aid effort
10.05.07. Christian Science Monitor/anti-war.com

Britain fights to curb US Afghan onslought
13.05.07. C. Lamb, Times online. ‘A survey by the British and Irish Agencies Afghanistan Group found that “current aid policy is having a hugely detrimental impact on funding support for vital programmes including water and sanitation, employment generating schemes, TB control and child protection. “In many provinces, frontline services are being closed due to lack of support from major donors including USAID, the UK government, the EU and the World Bank.” Funding for British aid organisations from Dfid dropped from £22.5m in 2001-2 to £4.7m in 2005-6.

We have wasted billions in Afghanistan on aid"
27.05.07. Pak Tribune / ICH. The international community is in danger of repeating in Afghanistan the mistakes made in Iraq. Millions of Afghans have seen little material improvement in their lives since 2001, and most still live in desperate poverty.

7. Opium


"Opium Patty's Plumb" Photo Sarah Meyer

US general wants West to buy Afghan drug crop to curb Taleban
24.05.07. Peninsula Qatar / anti-war.com. Hobbins’ recommendation is similar (??) to that of the Senlis Council, a security think-tank which has advocated licensing the production of some Afghan opium to make medicines.

US under fire over opium plan
25.05.07. FT.

Smash our trade in opium, Afghans tell British
26.05.07. T. Coghlan, Telegraph.

Heroin is "Good for Your Health": Occupation Forces support Afghan Narcotics Trade
29.04.07. M. Chossudovsky, Global Research.ca. Multibillion dollar earnings for organized crime and Western financial Institutions. ‘The occupation forces in Afghanistan are supporting the drug trade, which brings between 120 and 194 billion dollars of revenues to organized crime, intelligence agencies and Western financial institutions.’

Related:
Why the US is losing its war on cocaine
27.05.07. Independent / ICH. America has spent billions battling the drug industry in Bolivia, Colombia and Peru. And the result? Production as high as ever, street prices at a low, and the governments of the region in open revolt. Hugh O'Shaughnessy reports from La Paz, Bolivia.

+

Index on Afghanistan: May 2005 Part II (NATO, missile shield); Human Rights will be up as soon as possible. Thank you.

The url to Index on Afghanistan: may 2007, Part I is: http://indexresearch.blogspot.com/2007/06/index-on-afghanistan-may-2007-part-i.html

The shorter url is: http://tinyurl.com/2cxb45

Index Afghanistan: May 2007 Part I can also be read at the BRussels Tribunal website.

+

Other articles on Afghanistan:

Index on Afghanistan (Updated to 31/08/06)

Index on Afghanistan : September 2006

Index on Afghanistan : October 2006

Index on Afghanistan : November 2006

Index on Afghanistan : December 2006

Index on Afghanistan : January 2007

Index on Afghanistan : February 2007

Index on Afghanistan : March 2007

Index on Afghanistan: April 2007: Murder in Nangarhar

NATO: The Bathtub of Unreadiness(Updated 12/01/07)

Afghanistan : NATO is now US-ATO

Dead in Afghanistan
29.05.07.

+


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